Breeds 101

Yorkshire Terrier


The Yorkshire Terrier is a small dog breed of terrier type, originated in the early 1800’s in the West Riding area of Yorkshire, England, to catch rats in clothing mills; It is the most popular terrier.

The breed is not very old, but its origins are not entirely certain. It seems likely that in the mid-19th century, workers from Scotland came to Yorkshire in search of work in the cotton and woollen mills, and brought with them various types of terriers, including the Skye Terrier, Dandie Dinmont, Manchester Terrier, Maltese and the now-extinct Clydesdale and Pasley Terriers. These were then crossed with local types, such as the longhaired a Leeds Terrier.

Yorkshire Terriers were developed for catching the terrible rats and mice that, infested clothing mills and mine shafts; These hunting dogs could penetrate into badger and fox burrows.

At first, the Yorkie was a much bigger than the one we see today, but by selectively breeding the smallest individuals, the dog was gradually miniaturized over the years. It was made into a fashion dog. This feisty little package of energy that can be carry in a pocket, is now one of Great Britain’s most numerous pure-bred dogs, and is almost equally popular in other parts of Europe and in North America.

Many Yorkies are spoiled, and never have the chance to show their willingness to learn. Excessive breeding has also produced nervous and meek examples of the breed, but they are a minority.

The typical Yorkshire Terrier is a dynamo, with little understanding of its small size; It plays hard, and has seemingly unlimited energy. Miniaturization has unfortunately brought with it many medical problems, including gum disease and collapsed windpipes.

Although often regarded as a fashion accessory, the breed remains true to its origins – tenacious and stubborn.


Small: 6 to 7 inches, 7 pounds.


Black, grey, brown and tan.


Sprightly, tomboyish, affectionate, brave, loyal and clever.

Energy level:


Best owner:

Owner who take the time to understand how to treat a small dog.


They need a daily walk; play will take care of a lot of their exercise needs; it is very active indoors and will do okay without a yard; It is very sensitive to the cold and prefers warm climates; Regular grooming is needed; a clipped coat needs daily to weekly combing and brushing; They should have their teeth cleaned regularly.

Life Expectancy:

About 12 to 15 years.