The national dog of Norway, the Norwegian Elkhound has existed in Scandinavia for at least 5000 years; Current standards were developed in the late 1800’s.
A Schipperke is a small Belgian breed of dog that originated in the early 16th century; This little barge captain’s exact origins are unknown, although it has been in existence for many centuries
The Lundehund has a long history. They are the most ancient of the Nordic dog breeds; scientific research indicates that the breed has been in existence since before the last Ice Age, surviving by eating fish and sea birds.
The German Spitz is probably descended from Nordic spitz- type herding dogs, such as Samoyed and Lapphund; It was arrived in Europe with Viking plunderers. German literature refers to the spitz as early as 1450.
The Norwegian Buhund belong to the Spitz type of dogs. These dogs travelled with Vikings, by sea and by land.
The Eskimo dog dates back as far as 4000 years to the Inuit or Eskimo people. For thousands of years, this dog has been the only means of transportation for the Inuit living above Hudson Bay, in what are now the Northwest Territories of Canada.
The Finnish Lapphund has its origins as a reindeer herder of the Sami people. A semi-nomadic people inhabiting the far reaches of the Arctic north, Lapland, which comprises the northern regions of Finland, Sweden and the Karelian region of Russia.
The 7000-year-old skeletal remains of a dog found near Varanger in Norway closely resemble today’s Lapphund; it is very similar to the Finnish and Russian laikas.
Progenitors of the Finnish Spitz probably accompanied the ancestors of the Finns when they first arrived in Finland. The Finnish Spitz developed from selectively bred Spitz-type dogs that inhabited central Russia several thousand years ago. Finno-Ugrian tribes in the far northern regions bred dogs according to their specific needs.