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Breeds 101

Samoyed

SamoyedOriginally a hunter and guardian of reindeer herds, today`s snow-white breed retains many of its original traits.

The Samoyed is an exceptionally good-natured, friendly dog. It particularly enjoys human companionship, is good with children, and is not aggressive, although it makes a reasonably a good watchdog.

Like most spitz breeds, the Samoyed does not take readily to obedience training, and obedience classes are advisable. Owners must also be prepared to spend some time regularly grooming the breed’s long and luxurious coat.

The hardy and adaptable Samoyed accompanied the nomadic tribe of that name for centuries, as it traversed the most northerly regions of Asia. The breed was not introduced into the West until 1889. Breeders have perfected its distinctive coat since then.

The Samoyed has remained relatively unchanged for centuries. Reindeer herder, work dog, guardian, and companion of the nomadic Samoyed peoples of northwestern Siberia, the Samoyed possesses great intelligence and strength. Samoyeds were included in sled teams that explored Antarctica and the South Pole. Although the breed’s primary purpose has changed from reindeer herder to sled puller and companion, the Samoyed has retained its gentle, protective temperament.

They are medium size dogs (females 19 to 21 inches, 38 to 50 pounds; males 21 to 24 inches, 50 to 65 pounds).

Color: White (can have cream or biscuit-colored spots, especially on the head).

Temperament: Gentle, amiable, and playful; loves everyone. Intelligent, but bores quickly and may bark and dig.

Energy level: Medium.

Best owners are active family with fenced yard.

Daily needs include exercise (long walk, jogs, sled pulling), coat brushing twice a week (more during shedding), cool climate or air conditioning.

Life expectancy: 12 to 15 years.