Breeds 101


The Pug’s official motto, "multum in parvo", meaning "a lot in a little", suits it well.

PagPugs are an acquired habit, but they become addictive. Pugnacious and individualistic, this vibrant breed is extremely and opinionated. It is independent and resolute – it knows what it wants and stands its ground. The Pug’s compact, muscular body, flat face, and unblinking stare give it a strong presence and personality. Yet although strong willed and forceful it is rarely aggressive. Affectionate with its human family, the breed makes an amusing and rewarding companion.

Much of the Pug’s origins are a mystery, but the miniature mastiff-type dog appears to have been developed in ancient Asia. A favorite pet of Tibetan Buddhist monasteries, the Pug was brought by traders to Holland. By the late 1700s, the breed had arrived in France, where Napoleon’s imprisoned wife, Josephine, used her Pug to deliver messages to Napoleon. The Pug’s official motto, multum in parvo, meaning “a lot in a little,” suits it well.

They are small size dogs, 10 to 11 inches, 14 to 18 pounds. Fawn or black in color. Adaptable, even-tempered, pleasant, playful; exudes charm and dignity.

They energy level is low to medium.

Needs: Low heat and humidity; minimal coat care; daily cleaning of facial wrinkles.

Best owner for this breed is one with plenty of time for interaction and who can tolerate wheezing and snoring.

Life expectancy: 12 to 14 years.