Ancient records indicate that the Pembroke Welsh Corgi has existed in Great Britain since at least AD 920. One story tells that the breed accompanied Flemish weavers brought to Great Britain by King Henry I of England.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi bears a striking resemblance to the Swedish Vallhund. It is possible that the Vikings took ancestors of this determined little heeler back to Scandinavia from their settlements in Great Britain. Until the 1800s, heelers were used extensively throughout Great Britain to drive cattle to markets. The stamina and efficiency of the Pembroke’s ancestors made it a popular working dog. Although the breed is still worked today, most Pembroke’s are kept as a companion.
Though it shares some obvious similarities with the Cardigan Corgi, the Pembroke has a shorter body than the Cardigan; pointed, erect ears, compared to the Cardigan’s rounded ears; and a shorter tail than the Cardigan’s. Like the Cardigan, the Pembroke is a high-spirited, amiable herder that makes a fine farmhand, competitor and home companion.
Breeders have been moderately successful in reducing the inclination of this breed to nip.
Size: Small; 10 to 12 inches, 25 to 30 pounds.
Color: Red, sable, fawn, black and tan; with or without white markings.
Temperament: Bold, active (more easily excited than the Cardigan Corgi), and quick witted.
Devoted, amiable, and willing to please. Alert; reserved with strangers. Barks. May nip at heels.
Energy level: Medium.
Best Owner: Active owner or family.
Needs: Daily physical and mental exercise (herding sessions are ideal, but walks or offleash training sessions work), weekly brushing, human companionship.
Life expectancy: 12 to 14 years.