Breeds 101

Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen


The Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen was bred from hounds of superior size, in this case the Grand Griffon; This dog breed is from France.

The breed was selectively created. The first selections were made at the end of the 19th century by the Comte d’Elva; he was looking for subjects with “straight legs”. A French breeder, Paul Desamy was fixing the type of the breed. Its bloodline was established by the middle of the 1940’s.

The name Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen describes the dog in its entirety. Grand for size; Basset means low to the ground; the word Griffon describes the dog’s coat, and Vendeen indicates the area in France where the breed originated from.

The Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen was originally bred in Vendee, France to track or hunt animals such as boars, deers, rabbits and hares. Today, Grand Basset are still used to hunt game, but now they are bred to be companion dogs.

The Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen is a medium-sized dog with a long body. They have characteristically long hair over their eyebrows as well as on their snouts giving making them appear to have beard and moustaches.

Taller than most bassets, the Grand Basset is handsome and independent, with a strong will or its own. It is an affectionate breed, with a lower-than-average tendency to snap or bite. This dog enjoys working on its own or in a pack, and with training makes a good rabbit and hare hunter.


Medium; Male: 16 to 17 inches; Female: 15 to 17 inches; 40 to 50 pounds.


White with any combination of lemon, orange, sable, grizzle or black markings. Tricolour. Black and ten.


Independent, energetic, active dog; is not known for being obedient; it is good with children, other dogs and strangers, and are very willing to please.

Energy level:

Higher than average.

Best owner:

Active owner in rural home.


Needs a lot of exercise and outdoor activities; at least 2 hours of active exercise per day (1 hour walk and 1 hour free play in yard); large spaces to run, but yard should be fenced; weekly brushing with a slicker brush and comb; occasional bath will keep them clean; their strong fast-growing nails should be trimmed regularly; their ears should be checked regularly; teeth should be brushed regularly.

Life expectancy:

12 to 14 years.