Breeds 101

Eskimo Dog


The Eskimo dog dates back as far as 4000 years to the Inuit or Eskimo people. For thousands of years, this dog has been the only means of transportation for the Inuit living above Hudson Bay, in what are now the Northwest Territories of Canada.

The other name is Canadian Eskimo Dog. This dog has remained in aloof, primitive breed.

These dogs were bred for pulling sleds and helping the Inuits hunt. The Eskimo Dog does everything – eating, working, sparring, and arguing – with an abundance of energy; it is independent and requires consistent handling in order, to learn to respect its human pack leaders.

These dogs have strong pack instincts; they will fight among themselves for seniority, and scavenge food when they see it; they also look upon other animals as food.

Explorers to the North and South poles, used Eskimo Dogs extensively. Until 1992, these dogs were used at an Australian Antarctic station. Some dogs still live with their native people, but with the advent of the snowmobile, the dog began to decline.

In the 1960’s, the breed almost disappeared. The breed is making a comeback in Greenland and other areas because of the Inuits renewed interest in their cultural heritage. The breed can adapt to living with people and is capable of typical canine affection, but it is most suitable for working.


Large; Female: 19 to 23 inches; 39 to 66 pounds; Male: 23 to 27 inches; 66 to 88 pounds.


Any colour variety.


Affectionate, alert and loyal; This brave dog is very fond of its family; very intelligent and trainable, but they only obey a command if they see the point; they don’t like to be left alone; they are good with other pets if they are raised with them from puppyhood; this dog likes to roam.

Energy level:

Very energetic.

Best owner:

Active owner in suburban home who is aware of what to expect from this beautiful and intelligent dog.


Needs 40 minutes exercise a day; a fair amount of exercise, including a daily walk or jog, but should not be excessively exercised in warm weather; they need a large yard with a high fence; brushed and combed daily.

Life expectancy:

10 to 15 years.