Breeds 101

Afghan Hound


The Afghan Hound was developed in Afghanistan.

It’s not clear how this breed made its way from the Middle East to Afghanistan.

The Afghan Hound was a fast and agile hunter that was paired with specially trained falcons.

In Afghanistan, this sensitive dog is used to guard sheep and goats and to hunt wolves and foxes.

This breed was brought to England in the early 1900s.

The breed’s grace, glamour and dignified appereance and silky coat helped bring this dog into the spotlight in the show ring. The elegant Afghan Hound was fashionable in the 1970s.

It exists three varieties of this breed: short haired like the Kirghiz Taigan, fringe haired like the Saluki and long and thick haired, like the true mountain dog first seen in the West in 1907.

Its thick, long coat protects from cold in the mountainous regions of the North.

The Afghans must be groomed daily, otherwise the coated becomes matted.


Large; females: 25 inches, 50 pounds; Males: 27 inches, 60 pounds.


Any color.


Not overly demonstrative with family; reserved with strangers; Aloof , dignified; independent hunter.

Energy level:

Medium; high when the dog is young.

Best owners:

Active owner in a suburban or rural home.


Daily exercise (long walks and sprints), fenced yard, leash, regular grooming.

Life expectancy:

12 years.